Bei den Gorgonen handelt es sich um die drei Töchter des Meeresgottes Phorkys , die dieser mit seiner Die drei Gorgonen sind Euryale, Stheno und Medusa. März Die Medusa ist eine der drei Gorgonen. Das sind drei Schwestern, am Ende der Welt, nahe des Garten der Hesperiden wohnend. Schlangen. Aug. Schild-Darstellung einer geflügelten Gorgone mit einem Medusa ist die einzige Sterbliche unter ihnen und wurde von Perseus enthauptet.
This he gave to Athena. Then Aix became the goat Capra Greek: Aix , on the left shoulder of the constellation Auriga. This figure may have been the same as Gorgo Aix as the primal Gorgon was of an indeterminable gender.
In the Aeneid , it is mentioned that the Gorgons lived in the entrance of the Underworld. In late myths, Medusa was the only one of the three Gorgons who was not immortal.
Some of these myths relate that Perseus was armed with a scythe from Hermes and a mirror or a shield from Athena. From the blood that spurted from her neck and falling into the sea, sprang Pegasus and Chrysaor , her sons by Poseidon.
Other sources say that each drop of blood became a snake. Perseus is said by some to have given the head, which retained the power of turning into stone all who looked upon it, to Athena.
She then placed it on the mirrored shield called Aegis and she gave it to Zeus. Another source says that Perseus buried the head in the marketplace of Argos.
According to other accounts, either he or Athena used the head to turn Atlas into stone, transforming him into the Atlas Mountains that held up both heaven and earth.
Ultimately, he used her against King Polydectes. When Perseus returned to the court of the king, Polydectes asked if he had the head of Medusa.
Perseus replied "here it is" and held it aloft, turning the whole court to stone. In Ancient Greece a Gorgoneion a stone head, engraving, or drawing of a Gorgon face, often with snakes protruding wildly and the tongue sticking out between her fangs frequently was used as an apotropaic symbol  and placed on doors, walls, floors, coins, shields, breastplates, and tombstones in the hopes of warding off evil.
Likewise, in Hindu mythology, Kali is often shown with a protruding tongue and snakes around her head. In some Greek myths, blood taken from the right side of a Gorgon could bring the dead back to life, yet blood taken from the left side was an instantly fatal poison.
According to the later idea of Medusa as a beautiful maiden, whose hair had been changed into snakes by Athena, the head was represented in works of art with a wonderfully handsome face, wrapped in the calm repose of death.
Gorgons, especially Medusa, have become a common image and symbol in Western culture since their origins in Greek mythology, appearing in art, literature, and elsewhere throughout history.
In A Tale of Two Cities , for example, Charles Dickens compares the exploitative French aristocracy to "the Gorgon"—he devotes an entire chapter to this extended metaphor.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Greek mythological monster. For other uses, see Gorgon disambiguation.
Cultural depictions of Medusa and Gorgons. Beck Verlag, Muenchen p. Solving the Mystery of the Gorgon. A large part of Greek myth is politico-religious history.
Bellerophon masters winged Pegasus and kills the Chimaera. Pegasus had been sacred to her because the horse with its moon-shaped hooves figured in the rain-making ceremonies and the installment of sacred kings; his wings were symbolical of a celestial nature, rather than speed.
Jane Harrison has pointed out Prolegomena to the Study of Greek Religion that Medusa was once the goddess herself, hiding behind a prophylactic Gorgon mask: To the Study of Greek Religion.
The Masks of God, Vol. We have already spoken of Medusa and of the powers of her blood to render both life and death. We may now think of the legend of her slayer, Perseus, by whom her head was removed and presented to Athene.
Professor Hainmond assigns the historical King Perseus of Mycenae to a date c. Retrieved 24 March The Medusa Reader , 24 February , Introduction, p.
According to Plato Symposium e , the two were entirely separate entities: Aphrodite Ourania and Aphrodite Pandemos. Berkeley and Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press.
The University Press of Kentucky. Ancient Greek deities by affiliation. Atlas Epimetheus Menoetius Prometheus.
Aoide Arche Melete Mneme. Bia Kratos Nike Zelos. Retrieved from " https: In classical antiquity the image of the head of Medusa appeared in the evil-averting device known as the Gorgoneion.
The three Gorgon sisters—Medusa, Stheno , and Euryale —were all children of the ancient marine deities Phorcys or "Phorkys" and his sister Ceto or "Keto" , chthonic monsters from an archaic world.
Near them their sisters three, the Gorgons, winged With snakes for hair— hatred of mortal man—. While ancient Greek vase-painters and relief carvers imagined Medusa and her sisters as having monstrous form, sculptors and vase-painters of the fifth century began to envisage her as being beautiful as well as terrifying.
In an ode written in BC Pindar already speaks of "fair-cheeked Medusa". In a late version of the Medusa myth, related by the Roman poet Ovid Metamorphoses 4.
In most versions of the story, she was beheaded by the hero Perseus , who was sent to fetch her head by King Polydectes of Seriphus because Polydectes wanted to marry his mother.
The gods were well aware of this, and Perseus received help. Since Medusa was the only one of the three Gorgons who was mortal, Perseus was able to slay her while looking at the reflection from the mirrored shield he received from Athena.
During that time, Medusa was pregnant by Poseidon. When Perseus beheaded her, Pegasus , a winged horse, and Chrysaor , a giant wielding a golden sword, sprang from her body.
Jane Ellen Harrison argues that "her potency only begins when her head is severed, and that potency resides in the head; she is in a word a mask with a body later appended In the Odyssey xi, Homer does not specifically mention the Gorgon Medusa:.
According to Ovid , in northwest Africa, Perseus flew past the Titan Atlas , who stood holding the sky aloft, and transformed him into stone when he tried to attack him.
Furthermore, the poisonous vipers of the Sahara , in the Argonautica 4. The blood of Medusa also spawned the Amphisbaena a horned dragon-like creature with a snake-headed tail.
Perseus then flew to Seriphos, where his mother was being forced into marriage with the king, Polydectes, who was turned into stone by the head.
Some classical references refer to three Gorgons; Harrison considered that the tripling of Medusa into a trio of sisters was a secondary feature in the myth:.
The triple form is not primitive, it is merely an instance of a general tendency The two unslain sisters are mere appendages due to custom; the real Gorgon is Medusa.
A number of early classics scholars interpreted the myth of the Medusa as a quasi-historical — "based on or reconstructed from an event, custom, style, etc.
That is to say, there occurred in the early thirteenth century B. The terror of Medusa is thus a terror of castration that is linked to the sight of something.
Numerous analyses have made us familiar with the occasion for this: There are no recorded instances of Medusa turning a woman to stone.
Archetypal literary criticism continues to find psychoanalysis useful. Unlocking Its Secrets, Claiming Its Power by Mary Valentis and Anne Devane notes that "When we asked women what female rage looks like to them, it was always Medusa, the snaky-haired monster of myth, who came to mind A Journal of Liberation in their issue one, volume six for The cover featured the image of the Gorgon Medusa by Froggi Lupton, which the editors on the inside cover explained "can be a map to guide us through our terrors, through the depths of our anger into the sources of our power as women.
In issue three, Fall for the magazine Woman of Power an article called Gorgons: Its purpose was to act as a guardian for female power, keeping the book solely in the hands of women.
Stephen Wilk, author of Medusa: He believes that one reason for her longevity may be her role as a protector, fearsome and enraged.
Even in contemporary pop culture, Medusa has become largely synonymous with feminine rage. Through many of her iterations, Medusa pushes back against a story that seeks to place the male, Perseus, at its center, blameless and heroic.
A story of victim blaming, one that she says sounds all too familiar in a current American context. Medusa is widely known as a monstrous creature with snakes in her hair whose gaze turns men to stone.
Through the lens of theology, film, art, and feminist literature, my students and I map how her meaning has shifted over time and across cultures.
In so doing, we unravel a familiar narrative thread: In Western culture, strong women have historically been imagined as threats requiring male conquest and control, and Medusa herself has long been the go-to figure for those seeking to demonize female authority.
Inscribe the breath of the whole woman. Medusa has sometimes appeared as representing notions of scientific determinism and nihilism , especially in contrast with romantic idealism.
I cannot help remembering a remark of De Casseres. He shuns facts from his infancy. His life is a perpetual evasion. Miracle, chimera and to-morrow keep him alive.
He lives on fiction and myth. It is the Lie that makes him free. Animals alone are given the privilege of lifting the veil of Isis; men dare not.