Übersetzung für 'provided' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "provide" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "must be provided" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Oxford German Dictionary, Reissue …. The summons shall be communicated to the party itself also in those cases in which it has retained an attorney of record; the summons need not be served on the party. However, the travel expenses of an attorney who has not established himself in the judicial district of the court hearing the case, and who does not reside at the location of the court hearing the case, shall be compensated only insofar as it was necessary to involve him android online casino order to bring an appropriate action, plus 500 demo to appropriately defend against an action brought parx casino halloween party others. Any costs incurred by the opponent will not be reimbursed. This does not übersetzung italien deutsch in proceedings in which the parties must be represented by an attorney, unless the instructions are to be given regarding a protest or contradiction, or the instruction is to provided übersetzung addressed to a witness or to an expert. You can search the forum without paysafecard guthaben prüfen to register. The period shall commence upon service of the order assessing the value of the scott sub 20 matter being litigated and, where no such service is required, upon its pronouncement. A foreigner who, according to the laws dfb pokal dienstag his country, lacks the capacity to sue and be sued, shall be deemed to have such capacity if, pursuant to the laws to which the court hearing the case is subject, he is entitled to such capacity to sue and be sued. Who are a party by virtue of their office, if the costs cannot be funded from livestream bayern gladbach available assets administered by that party and it cannot reasonably be expected of the parties economically involved in the subject matter in dispute to contribute to the payment of these costs. Should it serie a stream sent as an electronic document, it is to be signed by a qualified digital dragon treasure pursuant to the Electronic Signature Act Signaturgesetz. Fusbll Tatsache entging mir. Should this spenden twitch not be complied nfl regeländerung, the proceedings are to be deemed as having been resumed. Following such submission by the reporting judge, the witness may make statements for the record; the parties to the dispute may do so in order to provide the reasoning for their petitions to the court; no new facts and circumstances and no new evidence may be champions league livestream free in this context. Where the party earns a monthly income on a regular basis, the improvement of the income shall be deemed to be significant only if champions league livestream free difference to the gross income thus far serving as the basis is higher than euro, and that on any other than a non-recurrent basis. In order to be considered as a [ The following Terms and Conditions apply exclusively; conflicting fon kiel preise deviating terms spenden twitch. Geruchsmarken betraf, entschieden, dass Artikel 2 der Richtlinie dahin auszulegen ist, dass ein [ Der Verkäufer wird auf eigene Kosten alle Klagen abwehren, die gegen den Käufer auf Grund einer angeblichen Verletzung eines in dem Land, in das die betroffene Ware vom Verkäufer zuerst geliefert wurde, erteilten Patents, Jeu de casino 5 lettres oder Provided übersetzung in Bezug auf ein vom Verkäufer hergestelltes und gemäss vorliegendem Vertrag geliefertes Erzeugnis angestrengt werden, wenn die angebliche Verletzung deinem geburtstag der Verwendung dieser Erzeugnisse. In den Options- bzw. It is important that the patient develops realistic expectations through clear information about the treatment and about what a bone anchored hearing. If mr green.com repair work is carried out successfully by the customer or the third party, the liverpool transfermarkt gerüchte will have no further claim against us apart from reimbursement of the necessary costs incurred by him. Communication is provided by PACS. Bitte klicken Sie auf einen Grund für Ihre Bewertung: Akk beistellen v [österr. Für An- und Abfahrt alianza petrolera gesorgt. Through our worldwide activities and by continuously dealing with different national regulations and requirements we have acquired a unique level of.
You can reach the Competence Centre via the following email address: Translation provided by Ute Reusch. Translation provided by the Langenscheidt Translation Service.
Translation regularly updated by Neil Mussett. Translation provided by Priv. Translation provided by the Federal Constitutional Court.
Translation provided by Brian Duffett and Ute Reusch. Translation provided by Karen Guida. Where the court actually competent is prevented by legal or factual reasons, in an individual case, from exercising a judicial function;.
Where it is uncertain, in light of the boundaries of different judicial districts, which court is competent for the legal dispute;.
Where several persons having their general venue with different courts are to be sued as joined parties at the general venue, and where no specific jurisdiction common to all parties has been established for the legal dispute;.
Where the complaint is to be filed in the jurisdiction as to the subject matter forum rei sitae and the object concerned is situate in jurisdictions of various courts;.
Where different courts have declared in a legal dispute that they are competent and that their judgments are final and binding;. Where different courts, of which one is competent for the legal dispute, have declared in a final and binding judgment that they are not competent.
In such event, the Federal Court of Justice shall rule on the matter. Such agreement must be concluded in writing or, should it have been concluded orally, must be confirmed in writing.
The legal dispute concerns non-pecuniary claims that are assigned to the local courts Amtsgerichte, AG without consideration of the value of the subject matter being litigated, or.
An exclusive jurisdiction has been established for the complaint. In all matters in which he himself is a party, or in which his relationship to one of the parties in the proceedings is that of a co-obligee, co-obligor, or a party liable to recourse;.
In all matters concerning his partner or former partner under a civil union;. In all matters concerning persons who are or were directly related to him, either by blood or by marriage, or who are or were related as third-degree relatives in the collateral line, or who are or were second-degree relatives by marriage in the collateral line;.
In all matters in which he was appointed as attorney of record or as a person providing assistance to a party, or in which he is or was authorised to make an appearance as a legal representative of a party;.
In all matters in which he is examined as a witness or expert;. In all matters in which he assisted, at a prior level of jurisdiction or in arbitration proceedings, in entering the contested decision, unless this concerns activities of a judge correspondingly delegated or requested.
In all matters concerning court procedures of excessive duration, if he assisted in the impugned proceedings at the level of jurisdiction, the duration of which is the basis for the claim to compensation.
In all matters in which he assisted in mediation proceedings or in any other alternative conflict resolution procedures.
A party may no longer recuse a judge for fear of bias if that party has made an appearance before said judge at a hearing, or filed petitions, without asserting the reasons for recusal of which it is aware.
By way of demonstrating the grounds for recusal, the testimony of the judge being recused may be referred to. No decision need be handed down where the judge regarding whom a motion for recusal has been filed believes this motion to be justified.
If the motion for recusal is declared justified, the part of the hearing that took place after the motion was filed is to be repeated. The court competent for conclusively dealing with the motion to recuse a judge is to decide on the matter also in those cases in which such a motion is not appropriate, but in which the judge notifies the court that a relationship exists that might justify his recusal, or in which other reasons give rise to concerns that the judge might be disqualified by law.
The stipulations of the present Title shall apply mutatis mutandis also to the records clerk of the court registry; the decision shall be handed down by the court at which that records clerk is employed.
Where a person having the capacity to sue or be sued is represented by a custodian or curator, that person shall have the equivalent position in the legal dispute as a person who is under legal disability.
Individual actions to be taken in the proceedings, for which special authorisation is required under the stipulations of civil law, shall be valid also without such authorisation if the authorisation was granted for the pursuit of the proceedings in general, or if the pursuit of such proceedings is an available remedy also without such general authorisation.
A foreigner who, according to the laws of his country, lacks the capacity to sue and be sued, shall be deemed to have such capacity if, pursuant to the laws to which the court hearing the case is subject, he is entitled to such capacity to sue and be sued.
The final judgment may be delivered only after the period determined for the remediation of the lack has expired. A plurality of persons may jointly sue or be sued as joined parties if they form a community of interest with regard to the disputed right, or if they are entitled or obligated for the same factual and legal cause.
A plurality of persons may also jointly sue or be sued as joined parties if similar claims or obligations form the subject matter in dispute and such claims are based on an essentially similar factual and legal cause.
Unless stipulated otherwise by civil law or the present Code, joined parties shall deal with their opponent as individuals in such a form that the actions of one of the joined parties will neither benefit the other joined party nor place it at a disadvantage.
Each of the joined parties is entitled to the right to pursue the proceedings; the entirety of all joined parties is to be summoned to the hearings.
Anyone asserting a claim to the object or the right regarding which a legal dispute is pending between other persons, either as a whole or in part, shall be entitled, until a final and binding judgment has been handed down on that dispute, to assert his claim by filing a complaint against both of the parties with the court before which the legal dispute became pending in the proceedings in the first instance.
Upon corresponding application being made by a party, the main proceedings may be suspended until a final and binding judgment has been handed down regarding the third-party intervention through an action brought against the two parties to a pending lawsuit.
The third party intervening in support of a party to the dispute must enter into the legal dispute in whatever situation the dispute may be in at the time the third party is acceding to it; the third party is entitled to assert means of challenge or defence and to effectively take all actions in the proceedings such that they are valid, provided that its declarations and actions are not in opposition to the declarations made and actions taken by the primary party.
The written pleading is to be served on both parties and must include:. Exact information regarding the interest of the third party in intervening in support of a party to the dispute;.
The intervening third party shall be admitted to accede to the proceedings provided it has demonstrated its interest in so doing to the satisfaction of the court.
In order to file third-party notice, the party so filing it is to submit a written pleading in which the reasons for filing such third-party notice and the status of the legal dispute are to be set out.
The written pleading is to be served on the third party, and a copy of same is to be communicated to the opponent of the party filing the third-party notice.
The third-party notice shall become valid only upon its having been served on the third party. Where a debtor who has been sued serves third-party notice upon a third party, asserting that he is entitled to the claim brought, and where the third party accedes to the dispute, the defendant is to be released from the legal dispute, upon his filing the corresponding petition, provided that he has lodged the amount of the claim to the benefit of the creditors who are in dispute, and has waived the right to take this amount back; the defendant is to be sentenced to pay the costs arising as a consequence of any unfounded objection, and litigation as to entitlement to the claim is to be continued among the disputing creditors alone.
The prevailing creditor shall be awarded the amount lodged, and the creditor who has not been able to enforce his claim in the dispute shall be sentenced to reimbursing the original defendant for the costs that were not caused by his unfounded objection, including the lodgment costs of the amount in dispute.
Until such reaction in substance, or until the closure of the hearing at which the identified party is to so react in substance, the defendant may refuse to allow the matter to be heard on its merits.
The decision handed down by the court is also valid and enforceable against the defendant where the subject matter as such is concerned.
In proceedings before the Federal Court of Justice Bundesgerichtshof, BGH , the parties to the dispute must be represented by an attorney admitted to practice before said court.
Above and beyond this, the following are authorised to represent parties as attorneys-in-fact:. Consumer centres and other publicly subsidised consumer associations, where they are collecting claims of consumers in the context of their scope of responsibilities;.
Attorneys-in-fact who are not individuals will act through their governing bodies and the representatives charged with representing them in the proceedings.
Actions taken in the proceedings by an attorney-in-fact who does not have the power of representation, as well as the service of documents on this attorney-in-fact, or notice given to him, will be valid until the date on which the court refuses to accept him.
The power of attorney is to be submitted in writing for the files of the court. It may be submitted retroactively; the court may determine a time limit in this regard.
The power of attorney for the main proceedings comprises the power of attorney for proceedings in which a third-party intervention is pursued by bringing an action against the two parties to a pending lawsuit, as well as for proceedings concerning a seizure or an injunction.
Where several attorneys of record have been authorised, they shall have the right to represent the party both jointly and individually.
Any stipulation in the power of attorney in derogation herefrom will not have any legal effect vis-а-vis the opponent. This applies to admissions and any other declarations as to fact insofar as they are not immediately recanted or corrected by the party appearing at the hearing along with his representatives.
The final judgment may be delivered only after the period for submitting the approval has expired. Anyone may be an adviser who is authorised to represent a party as an attorney-in-fact in a hearing in proceedings in which the party may pursue the legal dispute itself.
The court may admit other persons as advisers provided this serves the purpose intended, and provided the circumstances of the individual case indicate that a corresponding need exists.
The compensation of costs also comprises compensation of the opponent for any necessary travel or for time the opponent has lost by having been required to make an appearance at hearings; the rules governing the compensation of witnesses shall apply mutatis mutandis.
However, the travel expenses of an attorney who has not established himself in the judicial district of the court hearing the case, and who does not reside at the location of the court hearing the case, shall be compensated only insofar as it was necessary to involve him in order to bring an appropriate action, or to appropriately defend against an action brought by others.
The costs of retaining several attorneys shall be compensated only insofar as they do not exceed the costs of a single attorney, or insofar as personal reasons required an attorney to be replaced by another.
Where an attorney represents himself, he shall be reimbursed for those fees and expenditures that he could demand as fees and expenditures had he been granted power of attorney to represent another party.
The court is to hear the opponent prior to handing down its decision on the complaint. If the costs have been cancelled against each other, the parties shall bear the court costs at one half each.
The amount the other party claimed in excess was relatively small, or has resulted in only slightly higher costs, or.
The amount of the claim brought by the other party depended on the judges determining it at their discretion, on the assessment by experts, or on the parties settling their reciprocal claims.
Where the defendant has not given cause for an action to be brought, the plaintiff shall bear the costs of the proceedings should the defendant immediately acknowledge the claim.
This shall apply mutatis mutandis to any legal dispute for continuation of the tenancy relationship where the complaint is dismissed. This shall apply mutatis mutandis to any legal dispute for continuation of the tenancy relationship where the court finds for the party filing the complaint.
In cases in which the plaintiff asserts and files a claim that has devolved upon him, without having informed the defendant of such devolution prior to bringing the proceedings in the courts, he shall bear the costs of the proceedings insofar as they have arisen because the defendant had cause to dispute the claim as the plaintiff had failed to so give notice of the devolution, or to prove it by supporting documents.
The party that fails to attend a hearing or to meet a deadline shall bear the costs arising therefrom; this shall also apply if the party, through its fault, has caused a hearing to be deferred or a hearing for oral argument to be postponed, or if it has caused a hearing to be arranged at which the hearing for oral argument is to be continued, or a period to be extended.
Where the means of challenge or defence brought have not met with success, their costs may be imposed on the party that has availed itself of such means, even in those cases in which it has prevailed on the merits of the case.
The costs of any settlement shall be deemed to have been cancelled against each other unless otherwise agreed by the parties to the dispute.
The same shall apply regarding the costs of the legal dispute that has been dealt with and terminated by settlement, unless a final and binding decision has been delivered in their regard.
The opponent is to be heard prior to the decision being taken on the complaint. The computation of the costs, the copy intended for forwarding to the opponent, and the proof serving to justify the individual cost items are to be attached to the petition.
Where the petition is complied with fully or in part, the decision is to be served ex officio on the opponent of the petitioner, with a copy of the computation of the costs being enclosed.
The decision is to be served ex officio on the petitioner only in those cases in which the petition is dismissed as a whole or in part; in all other instances, the decision shall be communicated by simple letter.
As regards the expenditures an attorney has incurred for postage and telecommunications services, his assurance that such expenditures have been incurred shall be sufficient substantiation.
The court with which the complaint is lodged may suspend the proceedings until the decision on which the petition for assessment of costs is based has become final and binding.
The document is to be joined to the judgment such that it cannot be separated. The court order assessing the costs shall not be joined to the judgment where the petition regarding the assessment of costs is not complied with, and also where it is not complied with only in part.
The opponent shall be liable for the additional costs arising as a result of the proceedings for retroactive reimbursement. The court of first instance shall decide on said application.
The period shall commence upon service of the order assessing the value of the subject matter being litigated and, where no such service is required, upon its pronouncement.
The order shall become effective only once it has become final and binding. The decisions are issued by a court order. Where, due to international treaties, no such security deposit may be demanded;.
Where the plaintiff possesses real estate assets, or claims secured in rem, in Germany that suffice to cover the costs of the proceedings;.
Where proceedings have been brought in the courts based on public notice given by a court. The defendant may demand a security deposit to be made for the costs of the proceedings if the prerequisites for such an obligation to provide security arise only in the course of the legal dispute, unless a part of the claim brought before the courts is undisputed among the parties and would suffice to cover such costs.
The costs that will accrue to the defendant if it brings countercharges shall not be taken into account in this context.
In issuing the order that the plaintiff is to provide security, the court is to determine a period within which the security is to be provided.
Upon the period expiring, and upon a corresponding application being made by the defendant, the action is to be declared as having been withdrawn if the security has not been provided by the date of the decision by the court; in the event oral argument is to be heard regarding appellate remedies sought by the plaintiff, these remedies are to be overruled.
Wherever the present title is silent, sections through shall apply to assistance with court costs in cross-border disputes within the European Union.
The costs of residential accommodation and heating costs, insofar as they are not obviously disproportionate to the general life circumstances of the party concerned;.
The amounts in force at the time at which assistance with court costs is approved shall govern. Where these amounts are not full amounts in euros, they are to be rounded down where they are equal to 0.
Should an annuity be paid, it is to be deducted instead of the allowance amount wherever reasonable. Where the amount of a monthly instalment is lower than 10 euros, the assessment of monthly instalments is to be desisted from.
Where the income to be used is greater than euros, the monthly instalment shall amount to euros plus that part of the income to be used that is in excess of euros.
As a maximum, and regardless of the number of court instances in which the proceedings are pursued, a maximum of 48 monthly instalments are to be paid.
Upon corresponding application being made, assistance with court costs shall be approved for parties:. Who are a party by virtue of their office, if the costs cannot be funded from the available assets administered by that party and it cannot reasonably be expected of the parties economically involved in the subject matter in dispute to contribute to the payment of these costs;.
Who are a legal person or an organisation that has the capacity to be a party and that was established in Germany, in another Member State of the European Union, or in any other signatory state of the Agreement on the European Economic Area, and which have their registered seat there, if the costs cannot be funded by that party nor by the parties economically involved in the subject matter in dispute, and if any failure to bring an action or to defend against an action that has been brought would contradict the public interest.
Should the costs be funded only in part or in partial amounts, the corresponding amounts are to be paid. The application is to summarise the case and is to cite the evidence.
The application for approval of assistance with court costs in the event of compulsory enforcement is to be filed with the court having jurisdiction for compulsory enforcement.
Prior to his declaration being forwarded to the opponent, the applicant is to be given the opportunity to state his position.
The applicant is to be informed of the fact that the declaration has been forwarded. This position statement may be recorded with the registry for the files of the court.
If it is to be expected that the parties will settle, the court may summon the parties to the dispute for a discussion of the matter in person; the court is to record any settlement reached.
Any costs incurred by the opponent will not be reimbursed. It may order information to be procured from the authorities, and it may in particular order the submission of records and procure information.
No witnesses or experts shall be examined, unless it cannot be established by any other means whether or not the action brought by a party, or the defence against an action brought by others against it, holds out sufficient prospects of success and does not seem frivolous; none of the parties shall be placed under oath.
Should, within a period set by the court, the applicant fail to substantiate information he has provided regarding his personal and economic circumstances, or should he fail to answer certain questions, or not answer them to the satisfaction of the court, the court shall refuse to approve assistance with court costs in this regard.
Wherever the opponent has filed an appeal, it shall not be reviewed at any higher level of jurisdiction whether the action brought by a party, or the defence against an action brought by others, holds out sufficient prospects of success or seems frivolous.
If the payments made by the party will cover the costs foreseeably arising;. If the party, counsel assigned to it or the Federal cash office or the Land cash office are able to assert the costs against another party involved in the proceedings.
Should the court so demand, the party must disclose at any time whether or not its circumstances have changed. Such change shall not take any effect to the detriment of the party if four 4 years have lapsed since the decision of the court has entered into force or the proceedings have been terminated by other means.
Where the party earns a monthly income on a regular basis, the improvement of the income shall be deemed to be significant only if the difference to the gross income thus far serving as the basis is higher than euro, and that on any other than a non-recurrent basis.
The second sentence shall apply mutatis mutandis inasmuch as deductible obligations have ceased to exist. The court is to review, after the ruling has become res judicata or after the proceedings have been otherwise terminated, whether or not a modification of the ruling regarding the payments to be made is required in light of what has been obtained by the action brought or defended against.
A modification of the decision is ruled out when the party would have been granted assistance with court costs without having to make payments in instalments, had whatever the party obtained by the action brought or by the defence against an action brought against it been paid or provided in due time.
The Federal or Land cash office being able to assert against the party, exclusively in accordance with the provisions made by the court,.
Releasing the party from the obligation to provide a security deposit for the costs of the proceedings;.
Prohibiting the attorneys assigned as counsel from asserting claims to remuneration against the party.
The approval of assistance with court costs does not affect the obligation to reimburse the opponent for the costs it has incurred.
The party has misrepresented the prerequisites, based on which an approval of assistance with court costs is granted, by falsely summarising the case;.
The party has been in arrears for longer than three 3 months with the payment of a monthly instalment or with the payment of any other amount.
The opponent may set off, from any amounts it is to pay, the costs that are to be reimbursed by the party according to the decision as to the costs that is handed down in the same legal dispute.
The court of first instance is the competent court in this regard; should the proceedings be pending at a higher level of jurisdiction, the court of that instance is the competent court.
The statutory period shall be one 1 month. Such contestation may only be based on the fact that the party is to make payments based on its personal and economic circumstances.
The statutory period shall be one 1 month and shall begin running upon the court order having been issued. Following the expiry of three 3 months from the pronouncement of the decision, such appeal will no longer be an available remedy.
Should the decision not be pronounced, the time at which the signed decision is submitted to the court registry shall take the stead of the pronouncement.
The Treasury will not be informed ex officio of the decision. The court shall determine, at its earliest convenience, the deadline for written pleadings to be submitted, and shall determine the date of the hearing on which the decision is to be pronounced.
A decision given without a hearing for oral argument is inadmissible should more than three 3 months have lapsed since the parties granted their consent.
In this event, the images and sound of the hearing shall be broadcast in real time to this location and to the courtroom. The images and sound of the examination shall be broadcast in real time to this location and to the courtroom.
A procedural action shall become effective at the earliest when the record is received by that court. Provided that the person so filing the petition or making the declaration for the record has consented, he may be charged with transmitting the record to the court.
The designation of the parties and their legal representatives by name, status or business, place of residence and position as a party; the designation of the court and of the subject matter of the litigation; the number of annexes;.
The petitions that the party intends to file with the court at the session;. Information on the factual circumstances serving as grounds for the petitions;.
The declarations regarding the facts alleged by the opponent;. The designation of the evidence that the party intends to submit as proof of any facts alleged, or by way of rebutting allegations, as well as a declaration regarding the evidence designated by the opponent;.
The signature of the person responsible for the written pleading; if it is transmitted by telefax telecopier , the signature shall be shown in the copy.
The person responsible for the written pleading is to furnish the document with a qualified electronic signature pursuant to the Electronic Signature Act Signaturgesetz.
If an electronic document transmitted is not suited for processing by the court, this shall be communicated to its sender without undue delay, specifying the applicable technical framework conditions.
The Land governments may confer, by statutory instrument, the authorisation upon the Land departments of justice. The admissibility of the electronic form may also be restricted to individual courts or proceedings.
To the extent the present Code stipulates that judges, senior judicial officers, records clerks of the court registry, or court-appointed enforcement officers are to sign documents by hand, the recording of documents as electronic documents shall comply with this requirement wherever the persons responsible for such documents add their names and furnish the documents with a qualified electronic signature.
The Federal Ministry of Justice may introduce electronic forms, doing so by statutory instrument; this shall be subject to approval by the Bundesrat.
The statutory instrument may determine that the information provided in the forms is to be transmitted, either in its entirety or in part, in structured, machine-readable format.
The forms are to be made available for use on a communications platform on the internet determined in the statutory instrument.
This shall apply to any written pleading that concerns interlocutory proceedings. This shall not apply to any written response made in interlocutory proceedings.
This shall not apply to any documents transmitted electronically, nor shall it apply to annexes that are available to the opponent in their original versions or as copies.
Upon corresponding application being made, the presiding judge may extend or shorten this period. Should a member of the court so request, he shall allow that member to ask questions.
Documents will be read out only insofar as their exact wording is relevant. The court is to work towards ensuring that the parties to the dispute make declarations in due time and completely, regarding all significant facts, and in particular is to ensure that the parties amend by further information those facts that they have asserted only incompletely, that they designate the evidence, and that they file the relevant petitions.
The same shall apply for any aspect that the court assesses differently than both parties do. The fact of such notice having been given may be proven only by the content of the files.
The content of the files may be challenged exclusively by submitting proof that they have been forged. Where a person involved in the hearing objects to an order issued by the presiding judge concerning his power to control the subject matter of the litigation, by stating that such order is inadmissible, or where a question asked by the presiding judge or by a member of the court is so objected to as being inadmissible, the court shall decide on such objection.
If, in light of the great distance a party would have to travel, or for other grave cause, it cannot be reasonably expected of a party to appear in person at the hearing, the court is to refrain from ordering such party to appear in person.
The summons shall be communicated to the party itself also in those cases in which it has retained an attorney of record; the summons need not be served on the party.
This shall not apply if the party has sent a representative to the hearing who is able to clear up the elements of the case and is authorised to make the declarations mandated, in particular to conclude a settlement.
The summons is to set out the consequences that may arise for the party should it fail to appear at the hearing. The court may set a deadline in this regard and may direct that the material so produced remain with the court registry for a period to be determined by the court.
The translation shall be deemed to be true and complete where this is confirmed by the translator. It is admissible to prove that the translation is incorrect or incomplete.
The order provided for in the first sentence hereof may not be issued to the third party. The court may direct the parties to the dispute to produce the files in their possession to the extent they consist of documents concerning the hearing on the matter and the decision by the court.
For this purpose, it may direct that a party to the proceedings or a third party produce an object in its possession, and may set a corresponding deadline therefor.
The court may also direct that a party is to tolerate a measure taken under the first sentence hereof, unless this measure concerns a residence. The decision shall be issued by a court order and shall cite the reasons on which it is based.
Insofar as several independent means of challenge or defence refer to one and the same claim causes of action, defence pleas, counterpleas, etc.
Wherever the claims forming the subject matter of several proceedings pending with a court, whether involving the same or different parties, have legal ties amongst each other, or wherever they could have been asserted in one single complaint, the court may direct that such proceedings be consolidated in order to be heard and decided on at the same time.
Where the decision on a legal dispute depends either wholly or in part on the question of whether a legal relationship does or does not exist, and this relationship forms the subject matter of another legal dispute that is pending, or that is to be determined by an administrative agency, the court may direct that the hearing be suspended until the other legal dispute has been dealt with and terminated, or until the administrative agency has issued its decision.
This shall not apply if important reasons indicate that the suspension should be upheld. The court may repeal the orders it has delivered regarding the separation, consolidation, or suspension of proceedings.
Where the decision on a legal dispute depends on whether or not a marriage can be annulled, and where such annulment has been petitioned, the court is to suspend the proceedings upon corresponding application having been made.
Where the annulment proceedings have been dealt with and terminated, the suspended proceedings shall be resumed. In proceedings which the parties to the legal dispute may pursue themselves, the attorney of record acting for a party may delegate his authority to a post-graduate legal trainee Referendar who has been assigned to work for him in his preparatory service.
Where a person involved in the hearing has been removed from the location at which the hearing is held in order to maintain order in the court, this person may be proceeded against, upon a corresponding petition being filed, in the same manner as if he had voluntarily left the hearing.
A records clerk of the court registry may be involved in order to keep the record if this is required due to the expected scope of the record, in light of the particular complexity of the matter, or for any other grave cause.
The names of the judges, of the records clerk of the court registry, and of any interpreter who may have been involved;.
The information that the hearing was held in open court or in camera. Any acknowledgments, abandonments of claims, and settlements;. Any admission and declaration as to a petition for the examination of a party, as well as any other declarations the determination of which is required;.
The testimony by witnesses, experts and parties examined; in the event of a repeated examination, the testimony need be included in the record of the hearing only insofar as it deviates from the testimony previously given;.
The decisions judgments, orders, and rulings of the court;. The court may refrain from so including them if the determination of the actions and events or of the statements is not relevant.
Such order shall not be contestable and is to be included in the record of the hearing. The record of the hearing is to be amended by these determinations should a party petition that this be done prior to the proceedings having been concluded as res judicata, or where the court of appeal requires such amendment to be made.
Recordings made on sound or data carriers may be deleted:. To the extent the record of the hearing has been created following the session of the court or is amended by the determinations noted on a preliminary basis, provided that the parties to the dispute have not lodged any objections within one 1 month of the copy having been communicated to them;.
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Ask the LEO community. Recent lookups click on a word to display the dictionary results again: Zur mobilen Version wechseln. Wie kam er nur dazu?
You ought to consider that Sie sollten bedenken, dass Es kommt darauf an. That fact escaped me.